ChinaNet February 14th According to the Brazilian “Sao Paulo Page” website reported on February 11th: When the end of the Cold War in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the people of the world were pleased and relieved, a new fear As a result: the collapse of the Soviet Union led to the failure of the nuclear safety program, Russia does not have the financial burden of the decommissioning of these nuclear weapons, which means that its huge nuclear warhead arsenal may fall into the hands of unfriendly foreigners.
At the end of 1991, the turmoil intensified. Moscow announced that it would store thousands of weapons in dilapidated bunkers and be guarded by credible guards. Experts believe that the place is too worn and is not suitable for preserving nuclear weapons. Many scientists and officials have expressed concern, but no one knows what to do.
Thomas · physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) put forward a bold idea: Why not let Moscow sell abandoned uranium weapons? The US power plant can give the Russians some money to buy these nuclear warheads as fuel. This will solve the imminent economic problems of the Russians and provide a cheap source of energy for the United States. This is a win-win solution. Not for it?
Last December, Russia’s last nuclear warhead arrived in the United States, marking a successful conclusion for Thomas’s bold and innovative idea. In the past 20 years, the plan to convert 20,000 Russian nuclear warheads into electrical energy has been called “<3 trillion megawatts to megawatts”, playing an important role in eliminating the huge Russian nuclear arsenal. Almost every commercial nuclear reactor in the United States. Both participated in the program. US Uranium Enrichment Company will process the nuclear warhead highly enriched uranium into uranium oxide pellets, which will then be transported to nuclear power plants across the country. 10% of all US power is sourced from the former Soviet nuclear warheads, which means that every ten bulbs in the US in the past 20 years One is lit by a nuclear warhead.
Thomas · Neff is the father of the “Atomic Recycling Program”, but he is not world-famous because of his humble attitude and lack of experience in socializing on the world stage. In fact, he not only conceived the plan, but also personally guided the project for decades.
Frank ·, a physicist at Princeton University in New Jersey; Hippel said: “This is an amazing thing. According to him, in the wave of anti-personnel weapons, the project turned the atomic bomb into fuel, eliminating up to one-third of fuel consumption, which is the “greatest step” in the process of reducing nuclear weapons. He described Thomas · Neff as “neglected hero”, his success is a notable example, telling us “what a person can do”.
In the nuclear age, the rare isotope uranium-235 played a leading role in war and peace. When purified to 90% level, it can be used to make bombs, purified to 5%, and can be used in power plant fuel reactors. Thomas · Neff thought, is it possible to trade between these different fields? Is it possible to convert highly concentrated uranium from nuclear warheads into nuclear fuel for use in nuclear power plants?
When Washington and Moscow announced the unilateral reduction of armaments at the end of 1991, he lamented: “Wow, what about these weapons?” ” Like many other experts, Thomas · Neff is concerned that the Soviet Union is not capable of handling thousands of unused bombs. He fears that this weak communist state has lifted measures to maintain weapons security and is concerned that Russian elite nuclear scientists will go elsewhere to find work because of the poverty they face after the disintegration. He said: “All this sounds dangerous. & rdquo;
Fortunately, Thomas · Neff’s solution to “recycle the atom” has received strong support from Washington and Moscow. In the national interests and commercial conflicts between the two countries, this idea has added a little thrust to the solution of the problem.
The first nuclear warheads arrived in the United States in 1995, and another 250 batches arrived in the next 18 years. In December last year, the freighter from St. Petersburg to Baltimore delivered the last batch of nuclear warheads to the United States. The Russian and American flags were fluttering on the freighter, which read: “20000 nuclear warheads eliminated”.
Afterwards, the Russian Embassy in Washington hosted a reception to celebrate the end of the project. According to a brochure distributed at the reception, the uranium on the nuclear weapons was diluted into 15,432 tons of low-enriched uranium, which supplied power to half of the US nuclear power plants. The total cost of the project is approximately $17 billion. The brochure adds that “recycling and sales of atomic materials is widely recognized as a sign that the two nuclear powers are fighting the end of the era. ”
Thomas · Neff is a guest at the reception. He said: “This incident reveals what every citizen can do. & rdquo; (Internship Compilation: Zhu Wenwen)
Responsible Editor: Liu Yang