2019 China manufacturing growth continued to slow down China is a real “manufacturing country.” 70 years, China’s industrial added value in 1952 from 120 billion yuan to 30.516 trillion yuan in 2018, an average annual increase of 11.0%.
from the current manufacturing environment, with the ever-changing market demands, most companies are pursuing innovative ideas and technological innovation, “the machine substitutions” has become the development trend of intelligent manufacturing. As Pearl crown at the top of the manufacturing sector, the robot can release human , can be programmed to 24 hours of continuous production, can help enterprises more efficient productivity and return on investment. As the mainstay of intelligent factory robots in transition “manufacturing” to “wisdom made” in, it plays an important role. However, since 2018, the manufacturing investment growth fell from 9.5% in the year to January – 2.6% in October, especially in the larger industries dependent on export business investment growth down as well. After May, China’s manufacturing PMI index has been running for six months following the fortunes of line.
May 2016 – September 2019 China’s manufacturing PMI index chart
Source: wind, the Pacific Research Institute
China is the world’s third industrial robot with a complete industrial chain of the country, but with in recent years, China’s manufacturing growth continued to slow down, standing on the domestic robot outlet, the density of development is still far behind developed countries. Japanese robot density is five times China’s current, the manufacturing industries in China and “machine Substitution ‘boom attendant, robot market demand started from the” early adopters “transition to” demand “, while encouraging countries to develop robotics industry, companies also carry out non-stop upgrading. Japan, the world’s largest industrial robot manufacturing countries, from Japan in 1967 introduced the first industrial robot counting from the United States, about the robotics industry has experienced five development period: the accumulation period (1967-1970), the initial period (1970-1980) high-speed period (1980-1990), a stable growth period (1990-2012), the growth period (2012- present). China’s robot industry started relatively late, in 1982, the Shenyang Institute of Automation developed China’s first industrial robot, it indicates that China has entered the robot productionDevelopment of the industry, after 90 years in the pot life stage, the robotics industry is currently in a medium-speed development period, similar to the stage of development of the robotics industry in Japan 90 years.
Japan’s robotics industry 90 cases
Source:? Japan’s Sankei province, the State Securities Institute
So, the level of China’s industrial robot from Japan, how far it According to State Securities Institute estimates, 2018 China’s actual use of robot density of only 63 units / million workers, the actual use of Japanese robot density of 327 units / million workers, compared to Japan five times the space. Singapore, South Korea, Germany, the United States actually use a robot densities of 838 units / million workers, 774 units / million workers, 338 units / million workers, 217 units / million workers, far beyond our country. Note: The use of robot density is the number per million workers supporting the use of industrial robots, the index reflects a country’s level of manufacturing an important parameter.
2018 National Industrial robot density of each table
Source: IFR, State Securities Institute
China as car manufacturing country in the automotive industry, in 2018 China robot density of 750 / million workers in developed countries an average of 1,200 / million workers, is 1.6 times that of China.
In 2010 – 2018, part of the national automobile industry robot density growth table
Source: IFR, State Securities Institute
However, the growth rate from the table, we also see China from 2013 to 2018 the automotive industry to enhance the robot density 1.7 times that rate forecast, 2019–2023 the Upgrading of about 0.6 times to 1,200 units / million workers, reaching the average level of developed countries. In the non-automotive industry CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , China robot density of 43 units / million workers, the robot density in developed countries the average of 200 units / million workers. 2013-2018, China’s non-automotive robot density from 8 / to 43 million workers in high-growth units / million workers, an increase of four times that rate, estimated 2019-2023 in non-automotive robot density can be increased by 1.3 times to 100 / million workers, from the average level of developed countries there is a large distance.
In 2010 – 2018, some countries non-automotive growth in robot density table
Source: IFR, State Securities Institute
The main factors to explore the development of China-made robot slowdown 1, Chinese manufacturing growth slowed blame Sino-US trade friction on November 22, 2019 in the innovation economic Forum, president of Tsinghua University, the national Institute of Finance, former vice president Zhu Min IMF said, Sino-US trade friction leads to atrophy of the growth of trade between the two countries both economies are negative control Engineering Copyright , will also have a huge impact on global economic growth. This year the United States will be $ 200 billion in tariffs on Chinese exports to the US to 25% from 10%, and one after another the part of Chinese high-tech enterprises pull “entity list.”
China is the United States after Canada’s second leading exporter of intermediate goods, China’s intermediate goods accounted for about 15.6% of the US market. After the United States imposed tariffs overall, could lead to 8 percent of Chinese exports need to be converted channels to digest. Continued escalation of Sino-US trade war, the risks of the operation of China’s manufacturing industry had a direct negative impact CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , the indirect impact on Chinese enterprises robot can not be underestimated. 2, the automotive industry and electronics industry downturn of the automotive automation and robotics 3C as the largest application market, the 2019 annual sales continued to decline. January to October this year, cumulative automobile sales 17,163,400, down 10.9%; smartphone January-October cumulative production of 1,015,590,000, down 7.3%.
January 2017 – September 2019 China’s passenger car production and sales charts
Source: Automobile Association, State Securities Institute
January 2014 – September 2019 domestic smartphone sales chart
source: Ministry of industry, State Securities Institute
in the field of industrial robots, is expected in 2019 compared to 2018 decreased 3-5%. Due to the continued downturn in the automotive industry and electronics industry, industrial robots have been hit big. China-made robot to resolve four major advantages 1, China is the world’s third industrial robot with a complete industrial chain of China NationalIs one of the world’s largest economy, and the United States, Japan, Germany, South Korea consumes 73% of global robot, the robot is also the world’s major manufacturing country. In recent years, foreign investment in China continues to have the plant layout, expanding production capacity in China. China robotics industry chain continues to improve, and then to downstream systems integration from upstream to the middle reaches of the core components of the body, to become country in the world with a complete industrial chain.
China is the third with
the source of a complete industrial chain of national industrial robots: State Securities Institute (according to the number of all aspects of enterprise and competitiveness play 1-5, 5 points maximum)
According to the above table the data is calculated, the Japanese total score of 23, arguably the world’s most complete industrial chain of industrial robots States, South Korea a total score of 20 control Engineering Copyright , ranked second, China and Germany scores 19, tied for third. Today, China robotics industry chain more complete, integrated core components from robot to robot body and robotic systems, there are many outstanding business representatives, the following table:
China robotics industry chain some representatives of enterprises list
source: public data compilation, State Securities Institute
2, domestic robot because of its more popular on the market price compared to developed countries, China’s labor force and significant production cost advantages, the price of domestic brands on the robot fully reflected. In the electronics industry, the domestic price of five-axis robot is only more than 20,000 yuan, welding robot sells for more than 30,000 yuan. Chinese small and medium enterprises due to the lower degree of automation and limited cost estimates, in urgent need of inexpensive robots, so domestic brands such as smile or arc welding robot solutions experts Eston more popular. At present, China’s domestic foreign-funded enterprises have also utilize resources build robots, so prices have also been reduced, for example, Fanuc price in China than in Japan by 30%. 3, domestic robot collaboration to lead the backdrop of domestic industrial robot manufacturing industry 2025 and 4.0 in China, an important area of cooperation as a domestic robot robot production and sales growth, role in achieving intelligent manufacturing, flexible manufacturing is irreplaceable. 2019, domestic robot collaboration usher development opportunities, 2020, sales will reach 12,000 units, the market size exceeded $ 1.3 billion.
2014– 2020 China sales volume and an increase of robot collaboration trend forecast
Source: same mind-made network
domestic robot collaboration represents one excursion Bo, because the product has a high cost, in the automotive industry and lower 3C budget customers popular.
4, Chinese industrial robot localization rate rising in 2015 –2018 China’s industrial robot localization rate rising, up from 18 percent in 2015 to 27% in 2018, the overall trend is clearly upward, expected 2019 domestic robot localization rate will exceed 30%.
2015 –2018 localization rate of growth of China’s industrial robots Table
Source: former MIR DATABANK, State Securities Institute
2021 of the robot density will reach the average level of developed countries decades, in robotics, China also belongs to the huge untapped market potential, to four families headed by foreign giants, join international second-tier brands monopolize the market Ngau Tau robot, domestic robot difficult to survive in the cracks. Ten years later, domestic robots meteoric rise, China has become the world’s most important robot market, foreign brands to shake the status of one of the four families KUKA even China and the US acquisitions, domestic robots have been in direct competition with foreign brands of strength. Currently, the global robot market is continuing to expand the scale, the industrial robot market growth has slowed, the domestic robot has a perfect, low-cost supply chain, and gradually from the “supply China” to “global supply” make the transition. After
10 years ago, foreign brands and domestic brands in Chinese market share changes in the robot
Source: State Securities Institute
According to the Chinese Institute of Electronics released “China Robot Industry Development Report (2019)” shows According to the international Federation of robotics (IFR) predicts China will exceed robot density of 130 / million in 2021, reaching the average level of developed countries. Compared with developed countries, China-made robot is clearly still a long way to go.