On February 17, 2014, Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hua Chunying hosted a regular press conference.
Ask : The Iranian nuclear issue and the six countries will hold a new round of dialogue. Will China send a delegation to participate? What expectations does China have for this dialogue?
A: The Iranian nuclear issue and Iran have agreed to hold a new round of dialogue in Vienna on February 18. Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Li Baodong will lead a delegation.
Currently, the Iranian nuclear issue dialogue has entered a critical stage. In November last year, the six countries and Iraq have reached an agreement on the first phase agreement. On January 20 this year, the first phase of the agreement came into force, marking a virtuous cycle of resolving the Iranian nuclear issue and restricting the Iranian nuclear program and alleviating sanctions against Iraq.
This dialogue was the first dialogue in 2014 and the first round of dialogue to start a comprehensive agreement negotiation, which was highly concerned by the international community. Promoting the dialogue has achieved positive results and helped to consolidate the positive momentum of dialogue and cooperation and maintain regional peace and stability. This requires the joint efforts of all parties.
China always believes that dialogue and negotiation is the only correct way to properly resolve the Iranian nuclear issue. The Iranian nuclear issue is complex and sensitive. It is necessary to firmly believe in the peaceful resolution of problems through dialogue and adopt an objective and pragmatic attitude. It is hoped that on the basis of the first phase of the agreement, the parties will continue to uphold the spirit of equal consultation, increase diplomatic efforts, further demonstrate flexibility and sincerity, seek homogeneity and promote the negotiation process.
In the past negotiation process, China has made tremendous efforts and played a positive and constructive role. China is willing to continue to work with all parties to resolve the Iranian nuclear issue peacefully through diplomatic means.
Q: It is reported that the United Nations Human Rights Council’s International Commission of Human Rights in North Korea will publish a North Korean human rights report, which may lead to the return of officials to the International Criminal Court. What is China’s position on this?
A: China has always advocated handling differences in the field of human rights through constructive dialogue and cooperation on the basis of equality and mutual respect. The submission of human rights issues to the International Criminal Court does not help to improve the human rights situation in a country.
Q: It is understood that the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will visit North Korea recently, please confirm. What are the special backgrounds and considerations of this visit, and what are the important issues?
A: At the invitation of the DPRK Foreign Ministry, Vice Foreign Minister Liu Zhenmin will visit North Korea from February 17th to 20th. During the visit, Vice Minister Liu Zhenmin will hold diplomatic consultations with the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK and meet with the heads of relevant departments of the DPRK. The two sides will exchange views on issues of common concern such as China-DPRK relations and regional situation. This is a routine exchange between the diplomatic departments of the two countries.
Q: It is reported that the second round of negotiations between the Syrian government and the opposition ended on the 15th and failed to determine the next round of peace talks, but reached an agreement on the peace talks. What is China’s comment?
A: The Syrian issue involves many contradictions and differences and is very complicated. The Geneva negotiations are an ongoing process. It is necessary for Syria to gradually build mutual trust through dialogue and consultation and find a way to resolve differences. It is impossible to hope that all problems can be solved through one or two meetings. China urges the Syrian sides to adhere to the general direction of political settlement and actively cooperate with and support the mediation efforts of the Prahimi Joint Special Representative to maintain the momentum of negotiations. At the same time, the situation in Syria continues to be turbulent, and the Syrian side must also proceed from the future of the country and enhance the sense of urgency in dialogue and negotiations. The international community should also do more to help promote the momentum of dialogue and negotiation between the Syrian sides and create a favorable external environment.
Q: It is reported that on the 15th, Lebanon’s new Prime Minister Tamam · Salam was successful. What is China’s comment?
A: China welcomes Lebanon’s formation of a new government. It is hoped that this will help Lebanon to cope with the current challenges and hope that all parties in Lebanon will take this opportunity to continue. Solve problems through dialogue and negotiation to jointly safeguard national security and stability.
Q: It is reported that starting from the 2010 Nuclear Security Summit in Washington, the US government asked Japan to return 331 kilograms of weapons-grade plutonium provided to Japan during the Cold War. The batch is now in the Atomic Energy Development Agency and is capable of producing 40 to 50 nuclear weapons. Japan has been forced to compromise under repeated US demands, and Mei Xi reached an agreement before the Dutch Nuclear Security Summit in March this year. According to another report, about 44 tons of reactor-grade plutonium was also stored. What is China’s comment?
A: We have noticed the report. China has always attached great importance to the potential dangers of nuclear proliferation risks and nuclear material safety issues to regional security, and expressed serious concern about Japan’s possession of weapons-grade nuclear materials.
China believes that Japan, as a party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, should strictly abide by its international obligations on nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear safety. The Guidelines for the Management of Bismuth Materials issued by the International Atomic Energy Agency require countries to balance the supply and demand of nuclear materials as much as possible.
At present, Japan stores a large amount of nuclear materials in its territory, including weapons-grade nuclear materials. One is related to the safety of nuclear materials and the risk of nuclear non-proliferation; the other is the serious imbalance between supply and demand. The International Atomic Energy Agency requires countries to balance supply and demand. I think this is obvious. Nuclear materials only have a balance between supply and demand. There is no hidden danger in the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
Japan for a long timeThe return of its stored weapons-grade nuclear material to the countries concerned has raised concerns in the international community. The Chinese side is also very concerned about this and hopes that the Japanese side will explain this.
We urge Japan to comply with its nuclear non-proliferation obligations and to return the weapons-grade nuclear materials as soon as possible in a responsible manner towards international security. We also urge Japan to take practical measures to explain to the international community how Japan intends to resolve the serious imbalance between supply and demand of nuclear materials in its territory as soon as possible in accordance with the requirements of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Q: Japanese Foreign Minister Kishida Katsuo said that he did not object to the United States transporting nuclear weapons into Japan in an emergency. What is China’s comment?
A: Adherence to the “three non-nuclear principles” is one of the important signs of Japan’s peaceful development after the war and is also of great significance for maintaining peace and stability in the region. I hope that the Japanese government will continue to adhere to this principle.
Responsible Editor: Ge Peng