Foreign media speculation “new threat theory”: Chinese navy adds 28 new ships in one year

It is said that the Navy’s one-year service of 28 ships is interpreted by many experts. It seems that many of them are used to eliminate old ships and their rendering threats are more eye-catching.

Legal Evening News According to official statistics from the media, in 2013, a total of 28 new ships joined the Chinese naval sequence, almost equivalent to the size of a fleet. “Dumplings” became the most described description of the Chinese navy’s wave of shipbuilding.

The US “Time” magazine habitually throws “threat theory”, saying that “the size of China’s aircraft carrier will double”. In this regard, the expert told the French reporter that the Chinese aircraft carrier had only one ship, and the word “doubling” was a typical rendering. This can only be understood as that some people are at the same time in the “Ball Eyes” while “and the budget”.

There is also a responsible foreign media analysis that the total growth of Chinese naval vessels is not fast, because a large number of new ships are launched and many old ships are retired, but overall, the quality of the Chinese navy is positive. Rapidly improve.

According to estimates by the US Department of Defense, from 2007 to 2013, the number of active naval vessels in the Chinese Navy increased from 221 to 270. Excluding retired ships, an average of eight ships were added each year. When many foreign media reported on the rapid development of the Chinese navy, they all used the phrase “following the US and Russia”.

This speed really surprised the foreign media. An article published in the 2012 issue of Diplomat magazine, the title is “The US Navy pays attention: China is becoming a world-class shipbuilder”.

The article pointed out that with the support of the state, China’s warship construction enterprises are gradually catching up with the US and Russia in terms of shipbuilding capabilities. Within a decade, the number of surface ships and submarines built by the Chinese Navy will be second only to the United States. More importantly, China’s shipbuilding capabilities are still improving, which means that the Chinese Navy will receive more new ships each year than the US military.

Based on the number of warships launched since 1990, China’s shipbuilding capabilities are not as good as those of Russia. However, it is worth noting that although Russia has continued to launch new warships, most of the new ships acquired by the Russian army since 1990 are “closed” by the shipyards against the warships that started in the Soviet Union. In contrast, China’s shipbuilding speed is still growing. It is expected that in two to three years, the number of new ships owned by the Chinese Navy (launched after 1990) will exceed that of Russia, second only to the United States.

However, it is an indisputable fact that the United States has the strongest naval force in the world. According to the US Department of Defense, as of the beginning of 2014, the US Navy has a total of 283 active ships, which is still higher than the Chinese navy trying to catch up, not to mention that the US Navy has 10 of the world’s largest nuclear-powered aircraft carriers. In addition, the U.S. is building a “Drumman” nuclear-powered aircraft carrier with a displacement of more than 100,000 tons. This displacement alone exceeds the sum of all the warships launched in China in 2013.

On the other hand, according to the annual report of the Chinese military issued by the US Department of Defense, the number of active ships of the Chinese Navy in 2013 was 270, only one more than in 2012.

Military expert Yang Nanzhen said in an interview with the reporter of the Legal Evening News this morning that the reasonable explanation is that compared with the world-class naval powers, the Chinese Navy’s “dumplings”-type shipbuilding, Just make up the lesson. While a large number of new ships are in service, the Chinese Navy is also actively phasing out old ships and making every effort to improve the level of modernization.

As early as 2012, the “Diplomatic” magazine pointed out that the Chinese navy’s shipbuilding activities are more aimed at improving the level of modernization and replacing old ships, rather than large-scale quantities. expansion.

The report said that in the past few years, the net increase in the number of Chinese naval vessels was not too fast. After a large number of new ships were launched, many old ships and old ships were also retired. For example, in recent years, the 052C/D destroyer, the 054A frigate and the 041 diesel-electric submarine have been successively in service, which has enabled the long-term service of the “Lvda” class destroyer and the “Ming” class submarine to be gradually retired.

Foreign media also noticed the retirement of old ships. The Canadian Han and Defence Review magazine reported in July 2013 that China delivered two second-hand frigates to Myanmar. These 053H grades The frigate was retired after a large number of new 054A frigates were launched.

The Diplomat also summed up the support behind the Chinese warships under Dumplings. According to the article, Chinese warship construction companies have mastered the technology of mass production. China’s Type 052 destroyer uses modular construction technology. This technology maximizes the shipbuilding potential of the shipyard, leaving more room for future improvements and modifications, and making it easier for shipyards to outsource certain modules.

Foreign media are also concerned about China’s background in strengthening naval construction. Reuters reported that the modernization of the Chinese navy began in the 1980s with the help of the Chinese economy. The historical impetus for building a strong navy comes from the tragic history of China’s repeated bullying by European powers and Japanese militarism.

The analysis of the US military newspaper “Stars and Stripes” is more realistic. The newspaper reported that an important reason for China’s development “Blue Water Navy” is to protect its marine lifeline. A report by the US Department of Defense states that only a small portion of China’s crude oil imported from abroad is transported by land.In addition, 88% of crude oil needs to rely on shipping. The “Stars and Stripes” newspaper pointed out that to maintain this sea lifeline, China can only build a strong navy on its own, instead of waiting for the United States to guarantee the so-called freedom of navigation.

In addition to historical and practical factors, the surrounding environment has also prompted the Chinese Navy to speed up the progress of “dumplings”.

The Diplomat pointed out that the Chinese navy is actively expanding. By 2018, the South Korean Navy will purchase nine 1800-ton submarines, and by 2020 will also purchase nine 3,000-ton KSS-3 submarines, thereby doubling the number of South Korean navy submarines. In the next decade, the number of Aegis destroyers purchased by South Korea will also double. Similarly, the Vietnamese Navy has ordered six “Kilo” class submarines, advanced Russian anti-ship missiles and cheetah-class small frigates with stealth capabilities from Russia.

As a professional military newspaper, the Stars and Stripes newspaper stressed that although the number of ships in the US and US navies is gradually approaching, the Chinese navy is still unable to compare with the US military in terms of overall strength. The article cites, for example, a warship known as the “frigate” in the Chinese Navy, which may not reach the same level in the US Navy sequence.

Of course, along with the modernization process of the Chinese navy, there are always some voices of “China threat theory”.

An article on the January 20th issue of the Time magazine website in the United States is quite eye-catching: “The scale of China’s aircraft carrier will double.”

In this regard, Yang Nanzhen explained that at first glance, it seems that even the Chinese aircraft carrier can be built in the same way as the “dumplings”. But in retrospect, the Chinese Navy has only one aircraft carrier, the so-called “doubling”, but it is to build another one, which is already reported by the Chinese media.

The US media’s move shows its over-emphasis on the construction of the Chinese navy. In fact, the US Navy has two aircraft carriers of more than 100,000 tons that have already been built.

Unlike the habitual rendering of the media, the US military does not agree with the rapid growth of the Chinese navy. On the other hand, it does not let any Chinese navy’s “threat” threaten to ask for money from Congress. Opportunity.

In the article of Time, the US Navy experts pointed out that although the Chinese Navy already has an aircraft carrier and will continue to build a new aircraft carrier, it learns how to use the aircraft carrier to play its role as a weapon of the country. They are more complicated. As Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the US Army, said, the Chinese navy’s aircraft carrier is far from threatening the United States.

An article in the Stars and Stripes newspaper pointed out more specifically that the Chinese navy still lacks sufficient anti-submarine capabilities and even believes that the United States must lead for 20 years in this respect. In addition, insufficient practical experience is not conducive to the growth of the Chinese navy. It took the US Navy 90 years to form its current operational capabilities.

In the same article, a section of the US Naval War College expert Goodstein may have inadvertently revealed the real reason for the US military rendering “China threat”: “US attack nuclear submarine It has sufficient containment power for China’s aircraft carriers, but it is in danger of reducing the number because of insufficient budget. ”

“ Exaggerating the deterrent brought about by this increase, and by making it easier to apply for military funding, to develop their own armed forces on a large scale, the speakers may be more aware of their intentions than we do. . & rdquo; Yang Nanzhen said.

Responsible Editor: Ge Peng

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