Moisture is the fatal part of the floor, which can easily lead to floor lift and mildew. To prevent moisture and mildew on the floor, not only should we pay attention to the daily maintenance of the floor, but more importantly, we should take measures to prevent moisture during installation. In the rainy spring, the floor is laid, from planning, preparation, decoration to the end of construction, the importance of moisture protection cannot be ignored in every link.
First, the floor paving should be planned to select the time to shop the floor.
The floor is relatively easy to be damaged during the decoration process, so be sure to pay attention to the floor time and sequence, install Inappropriate time will cause various problems in the future use of the floor, and the order of paving is not easy and it is easy to damage the floor during the interior decoration process. Therefore, the paving floor should be planned beforehand.
1, selected paving time and environment
The season selection of floor covering is very important, because the floor itself is made of natural wood, the requirements for ambient temperature and humidity Higher. Generally, the floor covering is best selected in the spring and autumn seasons. The temperature and humidity in the spring and autumn are more suitable, and the impact on the floor itself is less. Summer and winter are not suitable for paving. Due to the high indoor temperature in summer, the floor is paved, and it is easy to receive the physical factors such as thermal expansion and contraction after entering the autumn and winter, and the deformation and even cracks appear. In winter, the floor is paved. Due to the cold weather in winter, the floor is shrinking and drying, and the water absorption is insufficient. In the hot and humid spring and summer, the floor is easy to absorb water and cause expansion and bubbling.
In addition to choosing the right season for the paving, you need to pay attention to the environment and temperature that the floor is suitable for. Generally, the temperature of the floor covering is suitable between 16 ° C and 30 ° C. Because such a problem is the optimum temperature of the wood, the wood floor can be kept in an optimal state. In the 24 hours a day, try to avoid noon and evening construction, preferably after 2 pm.
2, reasonable arrangements for renovation and construction
The process of floor covering should be carried out after all basic renovation work is completed. After the construction is completed, especially after the construction of paints, tiling, etc., the site hygiene can be started. This will prevent damage to the paved floor during other constructions.
If the floor space needs to be painted with a wall paint, you can also reserve the last coat when painting the wall paint. After the floor is finished, wipe the wall paint again. After the wall paint is dry, the floorboard of the floor is finally installed.
Second, prepare for the paving. The floor moisture is prepared.
Prepare the moisture before the floor is laid, which is more conducive to the moisture-proof effect of the floor in the future. Material processing and ground treatment can not be neglected in every aspect. Do well in every moisture-proof link, so that the paved flooring is both beautiful and durable.
1, moisture treatment of materials
Material preservation is very important. Flooring materials should be stored at room temperature for two days before paving. In order to better protect against moisture, the floor should be stored in a ventilated and dry place and protected with a plastic film. If the purchased materials are already on the tide, they can no longer be used. In order to save money, the floor of the upper tide should be dried before use. Such a floor is not only prone to mildew, but also has a greatly reduced service life.
Materials should be moisture-proof. The purchased floor is also subjected to a moisture-proof treatment before laying. Apply a layer of moisture-proof protective paint to the reverse side of the floor to prevent the wet floor from affecting the floor, resulting in a floor hollow.
2. Ground treatment before paving
The ground needs to be cleaned before paving. Whether it is paving solid wood flooring or composite wood flooring. The indoor floor should be treated first. Firstly, the cement on the ground should be cleaned, the putty should be scraped off, and the floor should be kept as flat as possible. Then clean the floor and remove the oil stains or dust on the floor surface to ensure the floor is clean. If it is a second-hand house to paste the floor, it is necessary to scrape the ground putty. It is best to brush a layer of thin cement slurry before the paving, remove the stains on the floor, and then dry the cement before laying it.
Before the floor is laid, in order to ensure the moisture-proof effect, the ground must be waterproof and moisture-proof, especially near the kitchen and bathroom. The waterproof material on the ground should be painted
evenly, and the gap should be filled with paint or cement brush. If there is a water pipe near the floor, it must be painted with water resistance of 30 cm high near the water pipe. Generally, the moisture content of the ground base should not exceed 15%.
Third, the floor paving is good for the craft floor moisture protection
The floor is good, the foundation of the material, the installation is the key, the so-called three-point floor seven-point installation, the installation process is good The floor is naturally flat and beautiful. Therefore, you should pay attention to the following matters when laying the floor.
1, moisture-proof floor mats to pay attention to
floor treatment of the floor should be done. If the ground environment is relatively wet, in addition to waterproofing, it is also necessary to use a waterproof material such as pearl cotton or aluminum film to make the substrate treatment to ensure the dryness of the ground, and then apply the glue to the floor.
Moisture-proof mat is the compartment between the floor and the ground. It mainly plays the role of moisture-proof and balance in the laying of the floor. There are many types of mats, such as aluminum mats and special plastic mats. , paper mats, etc. You need to choose the type of mat according to your actual situation. When laying the floor mats, pay attention to the fact that the floor mats must be laid flat and must not be empty; and the mats must be firmly adhered to the ground. Do not stick glue around the mats, which will seriously affect the moisture of the ground. Features.
2, paving methods have to pay attention to
Floor installation should be reserved for shrinkage, in addition to the floor and the wall between the need to reserve a 1cm floor expansion joint. The gap between the floors should also be reserved for gaps, generally not more than 1mm. When the floor with high density is laid, each block should have a gap of 0.4mm to prevent deformation in the future. Retaining joints between solid wood floors, reserved for wet season wood floor expansion space, multi-layer solid wood flooring and strongComposite flooring can be seamlessly spliced.
3, after painting, it is necessary to paint
After the floor is laid, the floor can be cleaned to paint the floor paint, and then polished and waxed. This step of painting the floor paint is very necessary, and the floor paint has a good protection for the floor. Since the floor is often stepped on, it is easy to get dirty and scratched. Floor paint can increase the hardness of the floor surface and prevent damage to the floor.
Fourth, the floor paving is done after the event, forget to clean and maintain
The floor is subject to the pressure of people walking every day, it is easier to damage than the wall, ceiling, and the wooden floor is easy It is damp, so the protection after the floor is laid can not be ignored. The proper protection of the floor after the paving can better extend the service life and moisture resistance of the floor.
1. It is necessary to protect after construction.
It is not done to lay the floor, and the work of preventing moisture on the floor is completed. The most important thing after the paving is the protection. If the floor after the paving is not well protected, it is easy to cause damage or moisture due to the influence of other construction. Therefore, the paved floor must be covered with paper to avoid foreign objects or paint falling onto the floor during the decoration.
Within 48 hours of the floor covering (generally this period becomes the health of the floor), avoid frequent walking on the floor and place heavy objects, so that the floor glue can be firmly attached. Give plenty of time to let the floor dry naturally. The floor so laid out will be natural and durable.
Many people have misunderstandings on the maintenance of the floor. They think that the floor is in a long-term ventilation state in order to let it dry as soon as possible after the paving. In fact, after the floor is laid, do not rush to open the window to ventilate or use air conditioning to blow, so that not only can not speed up the drying of the glue, but make the floor become dry and fragile. Therefore, the floor must have a period of time to accommodate the temperature and humidity of the room.
2, after cleaning, there are skills to clean
The newly laid floor is best cleaned with a vacuum cleaner or broom, pay attention to keep the floor dry while cleaning, encounter Difficult to get out of the stain, it is recommended to use a wrung cotton swab or a soft rag to clean. Never use steel balls or corrosive cleaners for cleaning.
3, must be waxed after renovation
In addition to cleaning and maintenance after renovation, but also pay attention to the waxing of the floor within 1~2 months after paving . This process is very important. If you miss the waxing time or waxing too early, it will cause damage to the floor itself, and it will also have a certain impact on the future maintenance of the floor.
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