“Mobile Toilet” becomes a dowry in India

The daughter is going to marry, and a mobile toilet is the dowry that the father prepared for her. This sounds very strange, but in a village in Maharashtra, India, this real story happened.

In a village in the Akola region of Maharashtra, India, people are eager to organize a wedding. Next, the bride will get some new wedding items and take them to their new home. Take a closer look at these gifts. Next to the refrigerator, there was still a mobile toilet. The bride said, “I will know that there is no toilet in the new home after a few days of the wedding, so I told my father that I need a toilet. This is a must.”

In fact, the economic situation of Zhandali’s husband’s family is not bad, but the groom’s family does not understand until now that the importance of having a toilet in the house is. Therefore, the bride had to ask her father for help. She would rather not have a TV, a refrigerator, a washing machine, gold jewelry, but also a toilet.

The story of Zandali has caused a lot of repercussions in the local area. The girls are discussing the practice of imitating Zandali and bravely speaking out their own requirements. .

Mobile Toilet

Lack of toilets in India is already a big problem, according to data released by the United Nations in 2013, India Only about one-third of the 1.2 billion people have access to safe and clean toilets, and many still urinate in the open air. Fecal contamination of water sources and land, leading to the ravage of germs, has led to a high mortality rate in India. Women are often exposed to danger on the way to the distance and outdoors, and even raped and killed. According to data released by the World Health Organization in 2014, women often need to urinate because of the lack of toilets, up to 13 hours.

Recently, a non-governmental organization in India conducted a social experiment to see what happens when Indian women want to solve the urgency on the street. The reporter asked a dozen people in a row, but no one could answer where there was a public toilet. And when she tries to solve it like a man in a big crowd, the others are not as tolerant as men.

A BBC report is about defining the relationship between toilets and women: “About 11,000 women were saved from rape last year, if they had toilets at home. . In fact, in many places in India today, young women’s “list of wishes” tops the list with their own restrooms.

& ldquo;There is no toilet, don’t think about the slogan of your wife, it can be seen everywhere in the streets of India, has become the most successful toilet promotion activities to date.

Launch “paid toilets

In order to encourage people to use the toilet, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation of India recently It is decided that for residents who use public toilets, each time they visit, they will receive a subsidy of 1 rupee (about 0.02 US dollars).

Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation official Harvey · Josh said the measure will be piloted in 67 public toilets in Ahmedabad .

Josh told AFP on the 8th: “If (trial) is successful, this plan will be full in Ahmedabad

A total of 300 public toilets were fully implemented.

Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation, Pravin · Patel said: “This plan is to stop the local defecation phenomenon in the city. There are public toilets in the city, but the public is still & lsquo; open air & rsquo; toilet. He warned that "repeated violators will be exposed and encouraged to use coin-operated toilets.

Why do Indians “difficult to go to the toilet?”

In order to change the public’s toilet habits, the Indian government has been promoting A variety of measures, India’s Prime Minister Modi took the initiative to launch a large-scale “clean India plan.” His sentence “The toilet is more well known than the temple, but the plan is not difficult to implement.”

On October 2, 2014, it was the 145th anniversary of the birth of the father of India, Mahatma Gandhi. On this day, the Indian government launched a national clean-up campaign. Modi also took the broom and walked into a residential area in New Delhi.

Modi said that by 2019, the 150th anniversary of Gandhi’s birth, a clean India would be the best way to pay tribute to him. “The Clean India Initiative was officially launched on this day.

According to the Indian NDTV report, “Clean India plans to build 110 million toilets within five years. At this pace, a toilet is built every second. The government’s construction subsidy for each toilet is 12,000 rupees (about 1,170 yuan), which means that the total investment may reach about 130 billion yuan.

Under the leadership of Modi, the construction of the toilet became a topic of universality in India. On November 19th, on the International Toilet Day, civil organizations cut the shape of a giant toilet. Cakes, marathons, parades and other activities to raise awareness of the toilet.

However, how many toilets can change the habits of Indians to go to the place? The reporter of NDTV in India visited Uttar Pradesh recently and found that many villages are promoted by local governments. New toilets have been added, but most of them are idle. They are not full of debris or locked up.Local residents said that they are still in the field to go to the toilet, and women are also.

In fact, in India, the problem of toilets is a big problem that successive governments have tried to solve. To this end, government officials at all levels have made extraordinary moves, both hard and soft.

In fact, most people in India can afford toilets. In a shop across India, you can buy a pissing pan for about 300 rupees (about 35 yuan). However, many Indians believe that open-air notes are a more natural way, and it is disgusting to be in the same room as their own excrement. Such ideas are derived from various factors such as religion, culture, society, and caste.

To ensure that people’s consciousness can be completely changed, they have to start from the doll. In order to popularize Indian children, “UNDO” has also produced an attractive music animated short film that calls on Indians to “Take the poo to the loo”.



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It is estimated that after 10 years, 40% of UK building materials companies will fail due to shortage of skilled workers.

According to the British Building Materials Alliance Committee UCATT, the UK is facing the shortage of the largest number of technicians, which will continue to plague the UK building materials industry in the next 30 years. According to analysis, the number of skilled workers in the UK can only meet the demand of short-term five years. This social situation will plague the development of the British economy.

Data from UCATT shows that in 2014, the number of British building materials graduates was 8030, and the actual annual demand should be 45,000. Another data from the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors RICS shows that by 2019, more than 27,000 building materials projects in the UK are expected to be affected. More than 4/5 of the respondents said that it is difficult for them to recruit suitable technicians, and two-fifth of the building materials companies were affected by personnel problems and went bankrupt.

Norton Sanitary Ware, a British sanitary ware dealer, held a meeting in October last year, calling on the British community to pay attention to talent issues and encourage more educated locals to enroll in relevant majors and gain more The opportunity to work. Norton Mennell, CEO of Norton Sanitary Ware, said that since last year, it has been obvious that the shortage of technicians is an urgent problem.

Graham Ball, CEO of the British Kitchen and Bath Association KBSA, said that he has received relevant reports: “The building materials kitchen and bathroom industry is not only a shortage of skilled workers, but also a good designer. Ask, he said, we should reposition the kitchen and toilet industry, see it as a new fashion, and pass this information to the education sector, so that many young people understand that this is a good career development direction. There are good employment opportunities for them.



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GEEBOX E2 Bluetooth full-range music headphones evaluation: summer sports talent must

Summer is coming, more and more people have joined the night running and walking team. A convenient, good and waterproof sports Bluetooth headset has become the standard for sports people. Today we will look at a new Bluetooth wireless music headset under the GEEBOX brand to see if it can meet the needs of sports people.

I chose this GEEBOX E2 true wireless full-range music headset.

First of all, the outer packaging is still relatively simple and fashionable. The earphones are placed in the classic box of GEEBOX. This kind of box design will be very kind for GEEBOX powder. The official standard is: a pair of Bluetooth headsets, two pairs of ear caps, a charging cable, a charging compartment. The two ear caps are also very intimate.

Take out the headphones and you can see that the body is simple and compact, and the stylish black is very technical, 4.2g The weight of the body is also very light. The call control button and music control button on the body can realize the functions of answering, hanging, playing and switching. The button is sensitive and can be tapped with a tap.

After booting up, Bluetooth automatically powers up for pairing. You don’t need to connect again after pairing once.

Compared to the normal Bluetooth headset design, these two stereo headphones will be more effective. Strong, listening to music, communication experience will be better. Even if you lose another one, you can take on the responsibility of making a sound, and there will be no big impact.

Trying on for a week or so, the stereo effect is really better than the same price. In static calls, the sensitivity of the sound is very high. During the exercise or driving, the passive noise reduction function of the headphones shields a part of the surrounding. The noise allows the user to focus more on the sound in the headphones, clear and smooth, without stagnation.

According to the official introduction of GEEBOX E2, this headset is optimized for structure and materials, and the dynamic unit is more sensitive, so it can effectively enhance the dynamic performance and details of the music; at the same time, binaural call and noise reduction The function also reduces the interference of the surrounding environment noise. On the one hand, the sound effect is enhanced, and on the other hand, the noise is weakened, so that the user can obtain a 360-degree stereo immersive experience.

In fact, Bluetooth headsets require a high degree of stability for access, especially for sports people. During the fitness process, the headphones are more susceptible to interference in dynamic situations, and the stability of the connection is greatly reduced. The stability of GEEBOX E2 is very strong. Through the dynamic evaluation of the week, it basically maintains the performance in the static situation, the connection is stable, the call is smooth, the sound quality is not affected, and there is no jamming phenomenon.

This may be related to the loading of the Realtak Bluetooth 5.0 chip.

Let’s talk about the waterproofing issues that everyone cares about.

A lot of sweat, water vapor, etc. in the movement, it is easy to soak the earphones and cause damage to internal components. So most Bluetooth headsets have waterproof settings.

IPX2-3 can meet the requirements when it is not very sweaty or non-sports. Sports people need at least IPX4 or above. GEEBOX E2 has a waterproof rating of IPX6, which is a category of deep waterproofing. Don’t worry about sweating or waterproofing.

Many in-ear Bluetooth headsets are comfortable to wear at the beginning, and when they are long, they will have a foreign body sensation and the ears will be sore and uncomfortable. The GEEBOX E2 headphones basically do not have this problem. Its curved design is designed according to the shape of the human auricle, so that the earphones and the auricles fit together, which greatly reduces the discomfort of wearing for a long time, and does not cause the running, sports and the like to fall off the ear.

The owner has been wearing for 12 hours for the longest time, and has basically achieved no traces in different scenes such as work, leisure and sports. Many times the owner will forget to wear headphones.

Life time is not a problem for two days in the case of heavy use, ideally for up to 42 hours The owner tries to charge three times in a week. For the owner who is often out, the time is irregular, you don’t have to think about charging often, and you don’t have to worry about the battery life.

The overall use of this GEEBOX E2 true wireless full-range music headphones is more suitable for the depth of electronic enthusiasts who like sports, pursuit of convenience and comfort. The core sound quality is also very nice. This GEEBOX E2 is also a super cost-effective sports fashion music headset in terms of quality, performance and price. Like a friend can consider starting, and it is currently selling in Jingdong, 618 activities should be quite strong, it is worth a try. (*This article has indicated the source and source, the copyright belongs to the original author, if there is any infringement, please contact us)



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Breaking down the brand in the breakfast market Chongqing’s “light luxury chain model” has become a new outlet for the industry

The breakfast market is recognized as a blue ocean in the catering industry, but it has not been able to appear as an industry giant. The reason is that most breakfast shops rely heavily on manpower, the brand influence is low, and the ordinary chain model has large investment and low profits. In this regard, Chongqing Shanmo Catering Management Co., Ltd. launched a cross-border innovation “full mouth green jade chain bun shop” with “luxury positioning and supply chain procurement model, breaking the industry limitations, was considered by the industry as a breakfast area Dark horse.

Supply Chain Purchasing Model: Strictly Maintaining Quality and Price Balances

Some media analysts pointed out that the breakfast sector is at least a trillion market, but the industry’s dilemma lies in low food prices and profits. Thin, therefore, most breakfast companies can not balance quality and brand.

 Modern supply chain and centralized management mode is the breakthrough direction of breakfast chain quality. He Jiankang, chairman of Chongqing Shanmo Catering Management Co., Ltd. told reporters, “Fukou Cui adopts supply chain procurement mode and integrates good ink. The source of sourcing resources of its catering brands such as four hot pots (including four directly operated stores and 20 franchise stores) and the full-flavoured jadeite jade package form a direct-purchasing mode for high-quality farms and source suppliers to ensure green and healthy dishes. At the same time, the quality is excellent, and the procurement cost is minimized.

The centralized procurement model of the supply chain not only avoids the disadvantages of traditional single-person breakfast, high manpower, high capital, long-term consumption, and large differences in product quality, but also guarantees the high quality and lowest cost of the product. The product achieves a backlog of 0, which is the core of the price of the luxury operating model.

“Light Luxury Brand Positioning: Keep up with breakfast upgrades<;风口

With the transformation of the national economy, the sinking of consumption has become a new direction for the exploration of major industries. “The sinking of consumption is not the decline in the quality of the entire market, but the suppression of high-end consumption of luxury and squandering, while the mid-end consumption of quality is gradually becoming the mainstream. Researchers in the food and beverage industry pointed out that the mid-end market with higher cost performance will become the mainstream of the catering industry.

The “luxury breakfast operation model” introduced by Shanmo Catering is aimed at the mid-end market with high quality and cost-effectiveness. Therefore, the light luxury breakfast business model has been recognized by the industry once it is launched.

So what is the core competitiveness of the light luxury breakfast? The answer given by the mouthful of the Jadeite chain store is: product and environment.

In terms of products, the main jade bag of Mankou Cui, the selection of materials and materials is strict, and insist on hand-made: special spinach or seasonal fresh vegetable juice and noodles, and then into the pollution-free wheat flour In the middle, it is hand-kneaded into a green dough, and the meat is selected from the pollution-free pork. The quality is excellent, the price is for urban residents, the per capita consumption of the mouthful of breakfast is 5 to 10 yuan, and the price for lunch and dinner is 15 to 25 yuan.

In terms of environment, the decoration environment of the shop is comparable to the cafe western restaurant: marble table top, net red metal chair, vintage lacquered floor, rose gold wall, with flowers and green plants, simple, low-key but at the same time stressed Personality and style.

The founder of the conversation: people who understand the family, only understand the food

“ Initially, my idea was to bring the simplest and simple food back to the table and prepare for the family. Rest assured breakfast. He Jiankang, founder of Chongqing Shanmo Catering Management Co., Ltd., said that the diners of Mankou Cui tasted the buns that they had known in their memories. When I was a child, I sneaked into the kitchen after school. The steamer on the stove was screaming and steaming. The new steamed buns that my mother had thrown away were the taste. This is the taste of the home.

The founder, Mr. He Jiankang, was born in Jinggangshan, Jiangxi Province, the old revolutionary area. His family was warm and harmonious, and the neighborhood was friendly. The family was poor but contented and happy. He Jiankang, who grew up in this environment, has always regarded “home culture” as a business philosophy.

“The home is the nest that the tired bird returns. The home is the harbor where the boat is sheltered from the wind. The home is the warmest place in the world. Therefore, I have always insisted on bringing customers & lsquo; home & rsquo; to do the dining, this is not just a full-fledged breakfast shop, but a steaming kitchen, people can be full of strength and warmth in one day After a day of exhaustion, you can talk about comfort and suffocation. He Jiankang said.

In the business model, “luxury is the market positioning, and in terms of corporate culture, luxury is He Jiankang’s understanding of the family: pay attention to family food health, care for family dining experience, and let ordinary The family can not only afford it, but also can rest assured.



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Four different differences between China and Japan’s overall bathroom

In recent years, the overall concept has brought new vitality to the home furnishing industry. Among them, “the whole bathroom has been raised for many years, but the time from concept investment to actual combat is not long. The overall domestic sanitary competition market is relatively simple, and most of the market is occupied by some well-known brands.

The origin of the whole bathroom comes from Japan, and the level has reached a certain height. However, the overall bathroom created by the specific national conditions is not fully applicable to the Chinese market. It has many differences with the Chinese sanitary ware. At this point, we may be able to see from these differences the reasons why China’s overall bathroom is not warm and the new trend of the overall bathroom.

The overall status is different

As the birthplace of the whole bathroom, Japan continues its originality and high quality guarantee for its products. It has been modularized for many years and has many product lines and consumers. The awareness is also high.

But in China, many bathroom businesses realize that “the whole bathroom is a big cake, limited to the conditions are not mature, the integration is not in place, the personality is not obvious, the current market is bigger than the actual, enter the residential market. Still a little difficult. Most consumers don’t buy it, and there is a smashing situation.

Different usage rates

In Japan, the overall bathroom usage rate is very high, with coverage of hotels up to 90% and residential occupancy up to 80%. China is generally suitable for engineering projects, and the overall bathroom is still a luxury. Most of them are still commercial projects, such as airplanes, hospitals, hotels, etc.

The overall domestic sanitary ware is still not enough publicity. Many people don’t understand what is the whole bathroom, or they know the whole bathroom but they seem to understand and ambiguous. Most of them think it is a full set of bathroom facilities. The so-called whole bathroom. On the other hand, the supporting service has become the soft underbelly of the whole bathroom. The whole bathroom only sells bathroom products. For tiles, walls and ceiling decoration, consumers need to purchase separately. Most of the test waters are “all-in-one sanitary wares, and only the bathroom products are sold in the store. In Japan, the awareness of the overall bathroom is very high, and the use of the product is also taken for granted.

Different space utilization

Bathroom renovation has always been part of the overall renovation of the Japanese construction industry. The overall bathroom appearance in the country of Japan, the primary purpose of the design is to meet the user’s bathing needs in a small space. Therefore, the use of the integrated bathroom for the use of space is the ultimate. The space utilization rate of each one is very high. Even if the bathroom in the home is less than 2 square meters, there is a corresponding whole bathroom to choose from. This feature makes the assembled whole bathroom popular in places where the average residential area is not high.

There are some differences between the domestic sanitary ware and Japan. It is not that the area is tight and the space is considered. The overall concept of the whole bathroom in the country is to integrate daily washing, makeup and bathing into a room in a limited space. It is as comprehensive, multifunctional and not cumbersome as possible, and has strong practicality and aesthetics and design.

Different design needs

The design of Japan is an independent space, generally a three-separated bathroom, which is quite different from the isolation of glass houses in China. In addition, the design of Japan is more in line with the preferences of local residents, such as elderly people who are suitable for sitting showers and young people who like lifting showers and sitting tables. Japanese people like to bathe in the bathtub with their children. They use a shower to clean their bodies before taking a bath. It is precisely for this purpose, as well as the need for insulation and anti-skid, the Japanese family’s bathroom space is integrated. bathroom.

Many domestic sanitary ware products are based on the imitation of foreign products. The lack of innovation is not in line with China’s national conditions. We should design products that meet the actual needs of our people. Knowing the function and use of each product can make better use of it, not just copying the album.

Editor’s note: Intelligent whole bathroom is a new trend

The emergence of the whole bathroom has accelerated the integration of bathroom products and the further development of the bathroom industry, while also saving the decoration time for consumers and energy. Over the years, the price of products has gradually declined from high-end luxury goods. On the other hand, under the prospect of rapid development of the Internet and technology, the overall bathroom will also develop intelligently.



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What is the “disputation” in the international LED lighting market? Look at the seven key words

[Lighting to join]

Keywords: smart car lock

Australian designer designed a bicycle lock Vivid Lock with built-in LED lights, which can improve the safety of the rider Sex.

Vivid Lock’s outstanding feature is its 60 LEDs, white and red, with 9 modes, flicker frequency and energy saving settings. The light mode is controlled by a miniature waterproof controller on the LED strip. The microcontroller is powered by 2 AA batteries and can support more than 70 hours of use in stable lighting mode.

As for the anti-theft, Vivid Lock is equipped with a 4-digit combination lock, two 6 mm fiber core wire ropes, and anti-thief anti-break bolts. Vivid Lock is made of durable, waterproof 1000D nylon, and the transparent tube and LED strip are also waterproof. The company plans to introduce four colors.

Keywords: the land of conflict

With the improvement of LED lighting products technology and the decline in prices, the penetration rate of LED lighting in 2015 has risen rapidly. LED manufacturers have turned their eyes to emerging markets. Among them, the Southeast Asian region has been attracting market attention due to the establishment of ASEAN and the strategy of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, which has driven a large amount of basic investment.

According to estimates by relevant agencies, the LED lighting market in Southeast Asia reached US$1.1 billion in 2014. The LED market is optimistic in 2015 and is expected to be stable and sustainable. Therefore, the LED lighting market in Southeast Asia in 2015 will reach 1.5 billion US dollars, with an annual growth rate of 36%. Among the Southeast Asian countries, the emerging Thai lighting market is optimistic. According to the assessment, the market value of LED lighting in Thailand has reached US$330 million in 2015.

Keywords: Panasonic re-reorganization

Japanese media reported that Panasonic is currently undergoing a second round of restructuring, planning to close two lighting fixtures in Japan by the end of September this year. Manufacturing plant. Panasonic will focus on transforming six low-yield businesses, such as lighting and batteries.

The two plants under the Panasonic Lighting Systems subsidiary are located in Osaka and Tokyo, and approximately 250 employees will be transported to other plants. After the two plants are closed, production will be transferred to nearby Iga and Tamba factories. Matsushita will invest 1 billion yen ($8.18 million) in automated production at the Iga Plant and the Danbo Plant. Panasonic plans to increase the capacity of the two plants by 30%, thereby increasing the overall capacity of Panasonic’s lighting equipment.

Panasonic also decided to close its LED lighting equipment factory in Indonesia by the end of October this year. All future sales of Japanese lighting products will be produced in China: China, Japan and Korea Lighting Forum August 20th, Organized by the China Lighting Society, the Japan Lighting Society and the Korea Lighting Electrical Equipment Society, the 8th Lighting Conference of China, Japan and Korea, hosted by the Japan Lighting Society, is on schedule at Kyoto Women’s University, Japan. Held.

The theme of this session is “To create a comfortable lighting environment. More than 200 experts and scholars from China, Japan and Korea will participate. The two-day conference will focus on the current status of lighting technology, development prospects, practical applications, etc. In-depth research and discussion on the central issues have effectively promoted the level of international exchange and cooperation in the lighting industry in the Asia-Pacific region.

It is reported that the China, Japan and Korea Three Kingdoms Lighting Forum was held in 2008 and was held in Beijing, China. Since then, the forum has been held in three countries in China, Japan and Korea. The next China-Japan-Korea Lighting Forum will be held in August 2016 in Busan, South Korea.

Keywords: 2/3

Pioneer and Mitsubishi Chemical recently announced that they have developed manufacturing costs that can be reduced to below the current level of about 1/3. It is also possible to change the dimming/toning panel products for OLED lighting with light intensity/light color, and it is expected to start mass production and shipment in early 2016. According to the news, the products developed this time are 92 mmx 92mm, 69mmx66mm and 55mmx50mm, with a maximum brightness of 2000cd/m2, a color temperature of 3000-5000K and a thickness of 1.08mm.

Pioneer and Mitsubishi Chemical began shipping “vacuum-deposited OLED lighting modules (panels) in 2012, and then began mass production in 2014 using “light-emitting layer coating production technology,” OLED lighting modules that can reduce manufacturing costs.

The data indicates that the global OLED market is expected to reach $1.4 billion by the end of 2020.

OLED replaces the spot light spot of LED with sheet light source. The light is not dazzling and glare, and it does not need hood to block. It can also be folded and bent for wider use. In addition to Pioneer/Mitsubishi Chemical, OLED lighting panel plants include Konica Minolta, Philips, DuPont and others.

Keywords: Rare Earth-Free Phosphors

US researchers are developing hybrid phosphorus-based technologies that claim to make LEDs last longer and more efficient. , the cost is lower. They combine a common soil-rich metal and organic luminescent molecules to produce a controllable LED white phosphor. By changing the metal and organic components, researchers can systematically adjust the color of the visible light spectrum of the phosphor in the most acceptable region of the human eye. They also continue to experiment with the development of other rare earth-free LED phosphors based on different metals and organic compounds.

Tests on certain materials have shown that the team can reduce the cost of LEDs by 90% using current methods. They have applied for US patents and are exploring the possibility of production.

Funding for this project is provided by the National Science Foundation and Rutgers University. It is also funded by the National Institute of Energy’s Key Materials Research Institute.

Keywords: New Quantum Dot Technology

Quantum dots have had a widespread commercial impact on LED technology, and now it is the focus of research to improve manufacturing steps and increase profits. According to the Journal of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the researchers at Oregon State University recently demonstrated a new quantum dot fabrication technology that not only ensures that the quantum dots are consistently sized and shaped, but also More precise color control may mean the coming of a new era of LED lighting.

The research team used a chemical reactor called “Continuous Flow”. Chemicals are continuously placed in the reactor and produce continuous LED illumination. At the same time, they use microwaves to heat the reagents, solving the problem of how to precisely control the temperature in the chemical reaction.

Researchers say that quantum dots fabricated by this method offer another option for optical, electronic, and biomedical applications.



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Mobile phone giants grabbed the smart home market and snatched the right to speak

Image from “123rf.com.cn

Smart The home sector has been moving frequently, and the mobile phone giants have joined the battlefield of the bonfire. Internet companies, home appliance manufacturers, and mobile phone manufacturers are all working hard in this field. Why is the smart home market a battleground for military strategists? What is the final decision-making factor?

Manufacturers grabbed smart homes. OPPO and vivo have announced at the same time that a number of industry players such as United States and TCL have established the IoT (Internet of Things) open ecological alliance and began to enter the smart home market. Huawei officially launched Huawei HiLink eco-brand —— Huawei’s smart selection, comprehensive development of smart home field, Huawei’s move, “ldairs Xiaomi smart home eco-chain is the mainstream interpretation. At this point, the domestic mobile phone giants HOVM (Huawei, OPPO, vivo, Xiaomi) have begun to enter the smart home industry, the second battlefield has been formally formed. In the era of the Internet of Everything, mobile phone manufacturers have become the top priority in building a smart home industry chain-level ecosystem.

Mobile phone giants rush to layout smart home market

The giants are smashing the wolves to seize the smart home battlefield. Mobile phone manufacturers such as OPPO and vivo recently held a signing ceremony in Shenzhen to announce the establishment of the IoT Open Ecology Alliance. The first batch of IoT Open Ecology Alliance members include many well-known manufacturers such as Midea, vivo, OPPO, TCL, Dahua Le Orange, Cobos, Sunlight and Extreme Rice. This time, the establishment of an open ecological alliance aims to open up the standards between products. Users can control multiple devices through one app. For developers, only one development is required to adapt multiple terminals.

It is foreseeable that in the future, OV mobile phones will be the gateway, and the interconnection of multiple terminal products will become the main form of realization of the ecological alliance smart home. According to the alliance consensus reached by all parties, the IoT Open Ecology Alliance will not be centered on any vendor. The enterprises within the alliance will establish a fully open and intelligent ecosystem through commercial open cooperation, providing users with complete, convenient and intelligent. A secure smart home experience.

In fact, in view of the mobile phone manufacturers entering the smart home industry, before this, Huawei and Xiaomi and other domestic mobile phone giants have been in this field for a long time, and have achieved certain positioning in the market. . As early as December 2015, Huawei released the HiLink strategy and began to deploy the smart home ecosystem.

In June 2018, Huawei officially released the full-scenario smart life eco-strategy, releasing the smart home brand “Huawei Zhixuan, sublimation HiLink

ecology, expected by the end of 2018, HiLink Ecology More than 500 smart home appliances in more than 70 categories will be introduced, which will be sold in more than 1,000 retail experience stores across the country. The micro-ecology formed by independent brands in different fields will form a new ecosystem of HiLink. Huawei smart home manager said that currently in the smart home field, Huawei has more than 150 partners and more than 400 online products.

Xiaomi is also using the mobile phone as an interface to create a self-selling closed smart home eco-chain. At the launch conference of Xiaomi on July 9, Lei Jun said: “Millet has become the world’s fourth largest smartphone manufacturer after eight years of struggle, and has 190 million active mobile Internet users, creating more than 500 intelligent hardware ecosystems. The product, the first category of sales, built the world’s largest consumer-grade LoT platform, connecting more than 100 million smart devices. According to the prospectus published by Xiaomi, the income of IoT consumer products increased by 88.9% from 12.4 billion in 2016 to 23.5 billion in 2017, and achieved good results.

Why do domestic mobile phone operators focus on smart homes?

The smart home field is frequently used. Various Internet companies, home appliance manufacturers, and mobile phone manufacturers are all making efforts in this field. Why is the smart home market a battleground for military strategists?

First of all, the entrance dispute. To seize the smart home market, the first thing to do is to grab the smart home entrance. In fact, almost all mobile phone manufacturers have taken a fancy to the smart home entrance. Because of its portability, mobility and wide popularity, almost one hand, smart phone. It is widely recognized by the industry as the future of smart homes. Shao Yang, chief strategy officer of Huawei’s consumer business, said: “We seem to have the most connected and very powerful device, which is the mobile phone.

Second, the market has broad prospects. According to industry insiders, with the development of Internet of Things technology and the arrival of the 90-year marriage, smart home has become the mainstream development trend.

The report of China Intelligent Speaker Industry Development Analysis released by Analysys International shows that the active user scale in the smart home market has exceeded 46 million, and this number continues to grow. It is expected that by 2019, The scale of China’s smart home market will exceed 195 billion yuan. According to IDC data, in 2017, the global smart home sales volume reached 430 million units. With the arrival of the 5G era, it is expected that global shipments will reach 1 billion units in 2022. By then, we will enter the era of all things connected.

Again, market development needs to be transformed. As the Chinese smartphone market becomes increasingly saturated, consumer demand for new equipment is slowing. According to the latest statistics released by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the domestic mobile phone market shipments in June were 36.610 million units, down 12.4% year-on-year; in the first half of the year, the domestic mobile phone market shipments were 196 million units, down 17.8% year-on-year. Mobile phone makers as the global smartphone market is saturatedActively planning the layout of consumer technology such as smart homes, the global research and consulting company Strategy

Analytics confirmed.

Strategy

Analytics’ recent research report, Global Smart Home Appliances Forecast for 2018, shows that by 2023, the demand for smart home devices worldwide will exceed that of smartphones. In 2017, global consumers purchased 663 million smart home devices, which will increase to 1.94 billion in 2023, while smartphone sales will reach 1.86 billion. For mobile phone manufacturers, using the mobile phone as the entrance to the smart home can not only maintain the existing advantages, but also lay out the blue ocean market.

Smart Home Ecology Test Integration

In today’s fast-growing smart and mobile Internet industry, smart homes are considered the next step in the technology industry. In this era from the traditional transition to the Internet of Things era, what is most needed now is the cooperation between the industrial chains. Some insiders pointed out that most domestic manufacturers pay more attention to the research and development of smart single products, and have not formed a scale effect. In addition, because major manufacturers want to master the entrance and voice of smart homes, the integration of third-party hardware is not strong enough to form a smart home ecosystem.

The competition in the smart home field has already evolved from product and system disputes to ecological disputes. From the perspective of ecological chain layout, the model of Xiaomi and Huawei is closer to the vertical layout based on its own brand, and the ecological alliance established by OV is relatively loose. The enterprises in the ecological alliance are parallel to each other, and there is no one to take the lead. Ai Media Consulting analyst Liu Jiehao said that the smart home industry is still in its infancy, and the two models have their own characteristics. The future competition pattern is uncertain.

At present, the domestic smart home ecosystem is in existence, which leads to the inability of various intelligent devices to be effectively interconnected, which restricts the development of the industry, and the smart home industry cooperates to win the future trend of the future. Whose platform will be seen in the future? There are many partners to be convened, and the accumulated user base is large. Who can make consumers truly set up and manage all their devices, and make people’s smart life in various scenarios easier? Whoever can stand out from the crowd.



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Analysis of the current situation of European ceramic sanitary ware industry

In the European Union, there are 1,500 companies in the building porcelain, daily-use porcelain and sanitary porcelain industries, employing about 200,000 people. Building porcelain is the most important industry, accounting for 60% of annual sales of 14,000 MECU, and the remaining daily-use porcelain and sanitary porcelain are basically average. Daily porcelain and sanitary porcelain also have some concentrated production areas, but unlike architectural porcelain production, which is concentrated in a small number of multinational companies, daily-use porcelain production is distributed in more than 100 independent production enterprises in Europe. The strong vitality of the European traditional ceramic industry lies in the continuous innovation of production processes and products. European machinery and equipment are sold all over the world. Although almost every country can produce ceramic equipment, its quality is not as good as that of European products.

British Ceramics

British daily-use porcelain production accounts for a quarter of Europe, the beginning of bone china The place of origin is in the UK. British bone china is expensive, and its famous brands Royal Dalton and Wichiwood have a set of 20 pieces of tableware to sell for 3,000 euros. The products are also beautiful and amazing.

British sanitary porcelain and Germany and Spain together account for one-third of the market in Europe, and the United Kingdom, Spain and France share 20% of the world’s daily and sanitary ceramics equipment market. In the UK, the ceramics industry has a wide range of products, which can be broadly divided into three categories: household goods, construction supplies and industrial supplies. Ceramics or parts are used in many basic industries, such as construction, energy production and use, transportation and entertainment. The UK has adopted a policy of restricting development in the building ceramics industry. In 2006, the import volume was 66 million square meters, ranking the fifth in the world’s importing countries.

The sales of specific products in the British ceramics industry are as follows. Tableware, etc.: sales of 541 million pounds, of which imports accounted for 229 million pounds; sanitary ware, etc.: sales of 199 million pounds, of which imports accounted for 67 million pounds; ceramic tiles: sales of 100 million pounds, of which imports accounted for 2.34 Billion pounds.

In recent years, the British ceramics market has remained stable, market sales have remained at around 2 billion pounds, and the share of ceramic imports has continued to increase. The sales of specific ceramic products are different. For example, tableware, refractory materials and industrial supplies are exported more, and their exports account for about 50% of the total annual sales, while the international transaction volume of building materials such as bricks, tiles and pipes is small. From the perspective of imported countries, most of the products in Italy and Spain, and the construction of sanitary ceramics products in China and other countries in the East have rarely entered the country, but the export of Chinese art ceramics to the United Kingdom has considerable weight.

German Ceramics

German daily-use porcelain production accounts for a quarter of Europe, and tableware is opened in 2004. The amount is 557 million euros, of which domestic sales are 287 million euros and exports are 270 million euros. Sanitary porcelain and the United Kingdom and Spain together account for one-third of the European market, Germany’s daily-use porcelain and sanitary porcelain industrial equipment accounts for 80% of the world’s market share, and the other 20% is shared by the United Kingdom, Spain and France. Germany has adopted a policy of restricting development in the building ceramics industry. In 2006, the import volume was 87 million square meters, ranking the third in the world’s importing countries.

The quality of the ashes in Germany is very good. Although the price is high, it is competitive in the market and is very popular. The ashes porcelain coffee cup has a 14.80 mark (1 US dollar equivalent to 1.73 mark), the bone china porcelain cup and saucer 23.9 mark, the ashes porcelain 15 tea set 1098 mark, the embossed small cup saucer 78 mark, the soup cup and saucer (extension) 32.5 mark, The fine art of the statue is 359 marks, which is 10 centimeters tall. It is equivalent to 217 dollars, and the sculpture figure of 25 centimeters high is 2,697 marks, which is priced at 1,625 dollars. The price is astonishingly high.

French Ceramics

French hygienic porcelain accounts for one-fifth of Europe’s production, sharing another share with the UK and Spain. 20% of the ceramic equipment market.

France’s daily-use porcelain is a world-class porcelain-powered country in Europe after its production, English, German and Italian. Its famous worldwide brands are: Hermes, CHRISTOFLE Kunting, ARDAUD Bai Tu, Ta Ruo and so on.

Cerlim France is a company specializing in the production of ceramic equipment. The ceramic equipment is advanced in technology, and the British royal porcelain factory uses the ceramic equipment produced by the company. . An isostatic press is $250,000 and can produce 130 products per hour.

Italian Ceramics

Italy is a world-class ceramics in the world, and its daily-use porcelain production occupies four of Europe. In one part, construction porcelain production accounts for about 50% of total European production, and sanitary porcelain production is close to one-third of Europe. In addition, the Italian building ceramics industry equipment has a leading position in the world. In addition to the complete range of ceramics in Italy, the ceramic industry chain is very complete, the industrial division of labor is fine, and all links are well developed.

There are nearly 270 ceramic wall and floor tiles companies in the Italian tile industry. These companies have 317 factories and 721 kiln with 29,084 employees. 570 million square meters, the total turnover reached 5.5 billion euros, of which exports reached 70% of the total sales.

Spanish Ceramics

Spanish building porcelain production accounts for about one-third of total European production, about 80% Tiles are concentrated in developed areas (castellon). Sanitary porcelain, together with Germany and the United Kingdom, accounts for one-third of Europe and shares 20% of the world’s daily and sanitary ceramics equipment market with the UK and France.



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