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With the improvement of environmental protection requirements, in the past one or two years, our ceramic industry has achieved a lot of achievements in green production and intelligent manufacturing. The transformation and upgrading of the ceramic industry must be the first of its kind, with major enterprises in green production and intelligent manufacturing. “The bet, in the future, will certainly provide technical and equipment support for the development of the building sanitary ceramics industry.
Recently, the 2018 China Ceramics Intelligent Manufacturing Forum, co-sponsored by China Building Materials Federation, China Building Sanitary Ceramics Association, China International Trade Promotion Council Building Materials Industry Branch, Taowei.com and Ceramics Information, was held in Foshan. (“2018 China Ceramics Intelligent Manufacturing Forum, big coffee gathering, intelligent is the trend of the times”).
At the meeting, Zhang Boqing, executive director of the China Building Sanitary Ceramics Association Machinery Environmental Protection and Energy Saving Branch and professor of Jingdezhen Ceramic University, gave a speech on “Thinking on Green Manufacturing Intelligent Manufacturing and Large Plate Forming Technology and Equipment”.
Executive Chairman of China Building Sanitary Ceramics Association Environmental Protection and Energy Saving Branch, Professor Zhang Baiqing of Jingdezhen Ceramic University
1. Green Production and Intelligent Manufacturing
Chinese Architectural Ceramics Hygiene In the sanitary ware industry, the development goal of the 13th Five-Year Plan is to maintain the production of building ceramics at 10 billion square meters by 2020, and to reach 250 million sanitary ceramics. 80% of enterprises have to pass the clean production audit. The building ceramic industry realizes zero discharge of wastewater, and the metal sanitary ware enterprises above the scale achieve clean production, and the total discharge of major pollutants reaches stable discharge. More than 50% of enterprises achieve “green manufacturing”, and enterprises above the scale basically meet the requirements of safety production standards.
The per capita labor productivity of building ceramics enterprises exceeds 800,000 yuan. The per capita labor productivity of sanitary ware enterprises exceeds 600,000 yuan. The per capita labor productivity of advanced brand enterprises and high value-added products enterprises exceeds 1.2 million yuan. “At the end of the 13th Five-Year Plan, we will cultivate 3 to 5 large enterprise groups and well-known enterprises with sales exceeding 10 billion.
With the development of technology, the demand of users has gradually changed from “batch-up” to “customization”, and has begun to have more demands on the flexibility, green and intelligence of building sanitary ceramics production. The transformation of the market puts higher demands on enterprises, forcing enterprises to change production methods and concepts to adapt to new markets. To this end, it is necessary to explore the new model of the combination of “intelligent manufacturing and “green production” in the building sanitary ceramics industry under the background of the Internet+ and the new economic normal.
(1) Green production refers to energy saving, emission reduction and clean production in the production process, achieving resource conservation and environmental friendliness. Green low-carbon, especially environmentally-friendly emission standards are the basis and foundation for the survival of ceramic enterprises. Only by paying attention to environmental protection and meeting the standards, enterprises can survive and survive.
(2) Intelligent manufacturing refers to replacing people with machines, solving labor recruitment difficulties, reducing labor costs, and improving production efficiency. Actively promote intelligent equipment and manufacturing, realize the integration of informationization and automation, and realize personalized flexible customization. This is undoubtedly the direction and trend of the current and future development of the ceramic industry.
(3) The transformation and upgrading of the ceramic industry, equipment must first.
China Ceramics Machinery has been able to provide the world’s ceramic enterprises with a large number of advanced, automated and intelligent ceramic machinery and equipment needed for construction.
The focus of the ceramic industry in the future: It will be the guiding ideology for achieving comprehensive transformation and upgrading, and increasing efficiency, quality, green production and intelligent manufacturing to promote coordinated, harmonious and sustainable development of the industry.
The focus of ceramic machinery research and development is to improve the performance of the whole machine, to achieve automation and intelligence, especially to reduce equipment energy consumption, energy saving, environmentally friendly, and better meet customer needs. It is the future development trend of the ceramic machinery industry. Therefore, energy-saving and consumption-reducing equipment, environmental protection equipment, automation equipment and equipment to improve product quality will be the focus of ceramic machinery research and development for some time to come.
(4) Achievements in smart manufacturing of green production in recent years.
On the afternoon of November 29, 2016, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology organized a “National Scientific and Technological Achievement Appraisal of Building Ceramics Digital Green Manufacturing Technology and Equipment” in Foshan. It is mainly divided into three parts: building technology digital complete production technology and equipment research and development, ceramic sheet industrial production technology and technology, ceramic flue gas multi-contaminant collaborative control technology and equipment, to promote the industry to “green,” Make a transformation.
In the past year or two, our ceramic industry has achieved a lot of results in green production and intelligent manufacturing.
The first one was the successful transformation of Mona Lisa’s 118a green intelligent demonstration production line, and on August 23 this year, Mona Lisa was listed by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology as the first batch of green factories.
The second one was the production of a large-plate marble production line in Tongcheng Asia, Hubei Province in the first half of this year. The level of the entire production line has increased a lot.
Third, in March 2017, Weimei’s production line in Rongchang District of Chongqing replaced most of the manual processing, forming, firing, and packaging processes by mechanical assembly lines. Taking the number of production lines as an example, the current domestic average is 150 people per production line and 50 in Europe, while the workshop of Weimei Rongchang has reached the level of 40 people. The production line has reached intelligent equipment, energy saving and environmental protection, and product innovation. A very high standard. The tiles on the assembly line are produced by a “laser scan code program” before packaging.Trace source.
The completion of the fourth new Pearl on December 6th, the green smart manufacturing line, is likely to be unmanned. This line is basically from the ingredients to the automatic packaging into the warehouse, only need to be controlled in the control room, the noise of the entire workshop is relatively small, only a few workers patrol inside. This production line realizes the automatic production of the whole line and creates a first-class intelligent three-dimensional storage. It is understood that only the new Pearl has this warehouse.
The fifth is the gold plate Asian production line. The sound of the workshop is very small. The plate from the kiln head is cold. The temperature of the plate from the kiln is also very low. personal.
2. The core of green production is “energy saving, consumption reduction, and pollution reduction”
Green production refers to energy saving, consumption reduction, and pollution reduction. Management and technology as a means to implement pollution control in the whole process of industrial production, and to minimize the amount of pollutants produced. There is not much difference between the concept of green production and cleaner production. We can define green production as a process that is organized in accordance with the principles of eco-environmental protection and create green products to meet green consumption.
It should be noted that green production is a relative and dynamic concept. The so-called green production and green products are relative to the original production process and products. Therefore, green production itself is a process of continuous improvement. With the advancement of technology and economic development, the connotation of green production will continue to update and progress.
3, the core of intelligent manufacturing is “manufacturing”
Intelligent manufacturing is the traditional and new generation of information technology (big data, Internet of Things, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, etc.) in manufacturing Application throughout the life cycle.
The goal of intelligent manufacturing is to achieve personalized (on-demand), flexible, high-quality, low-energy “manufacturing, not to pursue the same as a human being.” The so-called “intelligence is a non-trivial application of computers.
“Intelligence is a vague concept that is constantly updated with the advancement of technology. When technology is popularized, it is considered to be less “smart”. So don’t spend too much energy asking “Where is the intelligence, don’t climb more than “smart.” Automation, digitization, networking, and personalization may be more practical goals.
Intelligent manufacturing development needs to go through four stages of automation, informationization, interconnection and intelligence. The development of intelligent manufacturing needs to go through different stages, and each stage corresponds to the continuous maturity of a core link in the intelligent manufacturing system. For the time being, China is still in the late stage of Industrial 2.0 (Electrification), “Industrial 3.0 (informatization) has yet to be further popularized,” Industry 4.0 (Intelligent) is trying to do some demonstrations as much as possible. Automation and informatization are gradually being laid out.
We have been working hard on the road of green manufacturing intelligent manufacturing, and have achieved certain results. We borrowed a sentence from Mona Lisa Zhang Dong: “On the road of green production intelligent manufacturing, ‘ There is no period, only commas & rsquo;.
4, thinking about large-board forming technology and equipment
This year, the big board is called the hottest topic. At present, the international production equipment for ceramic slabs is mainly Western manufacturers represented by Italian system, sacmi, siti b&t and Henglitai and Keda represented by China.
system uses ultra-large tonnage frameless belt type press forming process and equipment. Sacmi uses continuous roll forming processes and equipment. Siti b&t uses super-tonnage frameless forming process and equipment.
Domestic Henglitai and Keda have adopted the traditional press forming process and equipment, and launched a traditional press with a large tonnage, which laid a solid foundation for the domestic model of ceramic slab equipment.
Our equipment company is providing transformation and upgrading for the ceramics industry. It has never stopped on the road of innovation. We have developed a lot of new technologies and equipment, such as the production and molding technology of large plates. Kiln furnaces are basically made in China from the perspective of inkjet machines. In addition, continuous spheroid production technology and equipment have been improved in recent years.
Dry-process wet powder production technology and equipment, which has not been promoted in China for many years, has been applied in recent years. At present, several companies should promote this. 79% of Spain’s production lines use dry methods. The dry method is a process and equipment that is worth promoting in the future, but it is impossible to completely replace the wet process and equipment. Because different products have different requirements for powder preparation, different regions have differentities. In fact, the wet and dry modes coexist. Develop together.
Digital fabric production technology and equipment have made great progress in the past two years.
Finally, energy-saving emission reduction production technology and equipment. Of course, emission reduction is an environmentally friendly equipment, and it has made great progress in recent years. The progress of energy saving and kiln in recent years has been greater than in previous years, and the quality has been greatly improved. It is precisely because of these technologies and equipment that the technical and equipment guarantees for the development of the building sanitary ceramics industry have made the building ceramics enterprises have made great progress in recent years. And this progress will be a model and a norm for the development of the industry in the future.
In recent years, China’s ceramic equipment manufacturing enterprises have transformed and upgraded the ceramics industry. The road to innovation has never stopped, and many new technologies and equipment, such as large-board production technology and equipment, have been developed. Continuous ball mill production technology and equipment, dry milling production technology and equipment, digital fabric production technology and equipment, energy-saving emission reduction production technology and equipment, will certainly provide technical and equipment support for the development of building sanitary ceramics industry.
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